Get Out & Play: How Often do Preschoolers Play Outside with Their Parents?

Just more than half of preschool-aged children go outside to play with their parents daily, and whether or not they do often depends on factors like the child’s gender, the mother’s ethnicity, if parents work outside the home and having playmates, according to a recent study published in the journal Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine .

“Preschool children’s physical activity does not usually occur as a planned, structured activity. Instead, they have short bursts of vigorous activity that are followed by less-intense recovery periods,” according to the report from researchers at the University of Washington. “Young children are likely to achieve physical activity through play, which is also essential for their growth and development.

Physical activity helps kids to maintain a healthy weight, but outdoor play may also be beneficial to motor development, vision, vitamin D levels and mental health, among others. “In spite of these manifold benefits, U.S. children today likely spend less time playing outdoors than any previous generation,” the report states. “As society has changed, so has the way parents spend time with their children.”

The report is based on data collected during the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, which tracked the same 10,700 children born in 2001. Of the study sample of 8,950 preschool-aged children, 60 percent had mothers who worked outside the home, 79 percent of whom reported that they exercised no more than three days per week, if at all. More children (58 percent) were likely to go outside and play with a parent if they were not attending regular child care or staying with an adult other than their parent, the study adds.

The odds of a child playing outside daily with a parent or under supervision of a parent were:

  • 15 percent lower if the child was a girl
  • 36 percent greater if the child had one to two friends outside of school, and twice that if the child had three or more friends
  • 49 percent lower if the mother was Asian, 41 percent lower if the mother was black and 20 percent lower if the mother was Hispanic, compared to white mothers
  • 18 percent lower if the mother worked part time and 30 percent if the mother worked full time, compared to mothers who did not work outside the home

The researchers made a correlation between a mother’s employment status and how much a child plays with her outside, finding that logistics and time keep children from playing outside. Researchers found no evidence that excessive screen time was related to reduced outdoor activity.

The National Association for Sport and Physical Education recommends at least 60 minutes of physical activity each day.

This summer and always, First 5 LA, as well as its parenting component Ready. Set. Grow! and its place-based effort Best Start, want families with young children to learn about ways to increase physical activity and healthy eating to combat the childhood obesity epidemic. Please read more about the campaign in a previous Monday Morning Report article and visit the campaign web hub on Ready. Set. Grow!

 

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